Tuesday, September 22, 2009
The British Fantasy Society has recently taken criticism because their new collection of 16 interviews with horror authors failed to include any women. It's pointed out that there are "a lot" of women who write horror, and of course, Mary Shelley's name comes up.
On the surface it does appear to be blatant sexism. But I think it's important here, as with many gender issues, to look deeper and make sure we're not accusing people of sexism based on premises that are themselves fundamentally sexist.
What proportion of horror writers are female? And of those, what proportion are among the best in their field? This list of the top 20 horror writers of all time does not include any women. Maybe its author is himself biased, but there is no question that serious horror (i.e., not Twilight) is a male-dominated community.
Let's estimate that, say, one out of every ten serious horror writers are female. And let's say that, for this controversial interview anthology, its creators had to randomly pick from all of the horror authors worthy of inclusion based on their writing alone (i.e., not their gender). The probability of, by chance, picking 16 male authors, then, is (.90)^16 = .185, or 18.5%.
So not a great chance, but still a chance. In the lingo of science, if lack of sexism were the null hypothesis, this wouldn't be enough to reject it (i.e., prove sexism). My numbers could be off, but I predict my point is valid: even if no sexism were operating and authors were picked from a pool based on merit alone, there is a non-negligible chance that the collection would include zero females.
One could argue that a woman author should have been sought out for inclusion just to represent her gender in the community. But this is itself a sexist premise. It is proposing that a woman should have been given special privilege based on her gender alone, rather than her merit as an author. It's the same principle behind affirmative action, and in my humble opinion, horribly misguided. It should be self-evident that the key to eliminating sexism is not more sexism.
What is the key? That is a complex question, but I think it needs to start at the bottom. We can't force the top of any merit-based honour to comprise 50% of each gender. What we can do is make sure there are no obstacles for women on the road to the top, and that safe passage there is based on merit alone. Even more importantly, we can encourage more women to get on that road in the first place if they want to. Even then, there is no guarantee of a 50/50 split - it's quite possible that horror simply appeals to men more than women because of some genuine difference between the genders - but any women that do hop on board shouldn't face any sexist roadblocks.
It's possible that some sexism occurred in this interview collection (either consciously or unconsciously), but there is not enough evidence to convince me either way. I am convinced that writers should be judged based on their writing rather than their gender, and that knee-jerk accusations of sexism need to be carefully examined lest we make the problem even worse.